Methods to calculate breakeven – What are the 3 methods?

Methods to calculate breakeven

As a small business owner in the UK, understanding how to calculate your break-even point is essential. Knowing when you reach this point will help you understand if you are making a profit or loss. This blog post will discuss the three methods of calculating break-even and why they’re important to your business operations.


Methods to calculate breakeven - Cost Volume Profit (CVP) Analysis

The first method is called Cost Volume Profit (CVP) Analysis. CVP analysis takes into account all the costs associated with running your business, such as fixed costs (e.g., rent), variable costs (e.g., materials used in production), and semi-variable costs (e.g., electricity). Once all of these costs are included, CVP analysis can be used to determine the break-even point by dividing total fixed costs by the difference between sales revenue and variable cost per unit sold – also known as the contribution margin.


Methods to calculate breakeven - Break-Even Point in Units (BEPU)

The second method is Break-Even Point in Units (BEPU). This method assumes that all products have equal selling prices, but it does take into account any discounts offered on individual items. To calculate BEPU, divide total fixed costs by the item’s contribution margin per unit sold – which is calculated by subtracting variable cost from price per unit sold.


Methods to calculate breakeven - Break-Even Point in Sales Value (BEPSV)

The last method is Break-Even Point in Sales Value (BEPSV). This method takes into account different prices for each product sold, which can make it more suitable for businesses with a wide range of products or services available. To calculate BEPSV divide total fixed cost by sales value minus variable cost per unit sold – also known as the contribution margin percentage.


Calculating your break-even point helps you understand where your business stands financially and allows you to make better decisions about pricing and other operations matters within your company. There are three main methods used to calculate break-even points - Cost Volume Profit Analysis, Break Even Point in Units and Break Even Point in Sales Value - each of which has its own advantages depending on individual circumstances and businesses needs. No matter which one you choose, understanding how to accurately calculate your break even will help ensure success for your small business.


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About the Author

Annette Ferguson 

Owner of Annette & Co. - Chartered Accountants & Certified Profit First Professionals. Helping online service-based entrepreneurs find clarity in their numbers, increase wealth and have more money in their pockets.

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