What is a dividend in a small business?

dividend in a small business

What is a dividend in a small business?

A dividend is a distribution of profits by a company to its shareholders. Companies will typically declare and pay dividends to shareholders four times a year, although some companies may choose to pay them monthly or quarterly. Dividends are usually paid in cash, but they can also be paid in shares of stock.


For small business owners in the United Kingdom, dividends can be an important source of income as this is often a tax efficient way for the business owner to be paid



How Dividends Are Paid

Dividends are typically paid out of a company's current year profits, although they can also be paid out of other sources of cash such as cash reserves. When a company declares a dividend, it sets aside the necessary cash to pay it.


The amount of money that a shareholder receives as a dividend is based on the number of shares that they own. For example, if a company declares a dividend of 10 pence per share and an investor owns 100 shares, they will receive £10 in dividends (10 pence x 100 shares = £10). The total value of an investor's holdings (shares + dividends) is known as their "book value."


Dividends and Taxation

In the United Kingdom, dividends are subject to taxation. The tax rate on dividends depends on the shareholder's tax bracket. For example, for taxpayers in the 20% tax bracket, the effective tax rate on dividends is 7.5% (plus 1.25% social care levy). This means that for every £100 in dividends received, £7.50 (plus 1.25% social care levy) will go towards taxes and the shareholder will keep £92.50.



Dividends can be an important source of income for small business owners in the United Kingdom. Dividends are typically paid out of a company's profits, although they can also be paid out of other sources of cash such as cash reserves. When a company declares a dividend, it sets aside the necessary cash to pay it. 


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About the Author

Annette Ferguson 

Owner of Annette & Co. - Chartered Accountants & Certified Profit First Professionals. Helping online service-based entrepreneurs find clarity in their numbers, increase wealth and have more money in their pockets.

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