Break Even Analysis – What is it? Definition and Guide

Break Even Analysis

Break-Even Analysis: A Guide for UK Small Business Owners

A break-even analysis is a mathematical tool designed to help business owners evaluate their financial performance. It’s an important concept to understand, especially if you’re a UK small business owner looking to figure out the profitability of your venture. So what exactly is a break-even analysis? Let’s take a look at the definition and how it can be used in the world of business.

Definition of Break-Even Analysis

A break-even analysis is an equation that helps business owners determine when their company will start making a profit. Essentially, it measures the total revenue generated by the company against its total costs and calculates when these two values become equal—in other words, when the company breaks even. This equation is most commonly expressed as follows:



Break Even Point (BEP) = Fixed Costs / (Net Sales – Variable Costs)


The BEP formula has several key components that need to be understood before you can use it effectively. The first component is fixed costs, which refers to expenses that don’t vary with changes in sales volume or production levels (e.g., rent, insurance premiums). The second component is variable costs, which are expenses that do vary with changes in sales volume or production levels (e.g., utilities, raw materials). Lastly, net sales represent all income generated by the company minus any discounts offered or taxes paid on those sales.


Uses for Break-Even Analysis

Once you understand how to calculate your break-even point using the BEP formula, there are several ways you can put this knowledge into practice. For example, if your net sales increase but your variable costs remain unchanged, then your BEP will decrease—meaning you’ll make a profit sooner than originally anticipated. On the other hand, if your net sales decrease and/or your variable costs increase, then your BEP will increase—meaning it will take longer for you to reach profitability. Knowing this information can help give you insight into whether or not certain changes are beneficial to your business in terms of profitability. Additionally, understanding where your break-even point lies can help inform decisions around pricing products and services and setting budgets for future projects and investments.


Break-even analysis is an incredibly powerful tool for small business owners who want to gain insight into their financial performance and optimise their operations accordingly. By understanding how to calculate and use this equation properly, UK small businesses can maximise their potential for success and reduce unnecessary risks associated with growing their venture too quickly or too slowly. Ultimately, having an accurate understanding of when profits begin is essential for any small business owner who wants to stay competitive in today's market!


Subscribe to the Friday Financial Freedom Finder Newsletter

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter that delivers the most actionable, tactical, and timely business and financial tips you actually need in 9 minutes or less. Get an edge over the competition and get control of your business finances, for free.

Latest Posts

What can I claim

What Can I Claim Through My Business? A Comprehensive Guide for UK Limited Companies – Friday Financial Freedom Finder Newsletter #021

Running a successful business in the UK means navigating the complexities of

Read More
Claiming Fuel Expenses

Claiming Fuel Expenses in Your UK Business: A Comprehensive Guide

Navigating claiming fuel expenses for business purposes can be a winding journey,

Read More

About the Author

Annette Ferguson 

Owner of Annette & Co. - Chartered Accountants & Certified Profit First Professionals. Helping online service-based entrepreneurs find clarity in their numbers, increase wealth and have more money in their pockets.

>